What's The Difference Between AWD, FWD, and 4WD?


2019 engines

What's The Difference Between AWD, FWD, and 4WD?

The safety and durability of a vehicle signify the fundamental importance while shopping for a modern vehicle. Driving technology has witnessed a leap across the times to follow in accordance with a motorist’s requirements. Automobile engines are presently created to power vehicles in a sense to produce the most excellent durability to run more efficiently on various road terrains. Continue reading to learn more further regarding the difference between AWD, FWD, and 4WD cars.


All-Wheel Drive (AWD)

AWD vehicles are usually confused to be identical to 4WD, although both possess core distinctions. In an AWD design, the engine powers all wheels separately and circulates power in the basis of friction expected on any distinct terrain. The operation is automated furthermore does not expect the motorist to initiate either function.

AWD cars can also work in a way that powers either the front/rear or left/right pairs of wheels. As a result, this boosts the grip and stability of the vehicle. When the weight of the car is distributed unevenly, the engine powers different axels to power diverse sets of wheels to improve efficiency on rocky terrains.


Front-Wheel Drive (FWD)

In FWD cars, the engine delivers energy mainly to the front of the two tires. Special Utility Vehicles (SUVs) are constructed with this technology as they are designed to be powered in challenging terrains.

While going uphill, the front two tires will have to support the weight of the car in order to propel the vehicle forward. The technology causes the engine to get the most energy on the two front tires to provide traction and stabilization during the ascent. Such models are on top designed to provide more rear leg space and are comparatively cost-effective to make.


Four Wheel Drive (4WD)

4WD cars force the four parts of the vehicle similarly, enabling each wheel to rotate at the same speed as the other tires. They are most frequently seen in those who are capable of off-road.

In these vehicles, either high-gear or low-gear methods can be used when riding over rocky or slippery terrain, as they power the tires similarly and thus increasing traction.


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Source: Ford